Cigarette smoking can harmfully affect all parts of the human body. Oral health is particularly vulnerable to the effects of tobacco use. A smoker’s teeth are generally recognizable instantly, due to the visible detrimental effects of cigarette smoking. However, aside from the staining of the teeth, what other dangers to oral health does smoking present? This article will examine how the mouth is affected by cigarette smoking.
1. Gum Disease
Smoking is one of the main risk factors for the development of gum disease. In addition, any gum disease present tends to be more aggressive in people who smoke. Smoking tobacco affects the flow of blood within the gums and, therefore, your body’s ability to treat oral plaque bacteria decreases.
Periodontal disease is a more serious type of gum disease. This indicates an irreparable deterioration of the gum and the bone tissue that covers your teeth. Periodontal destruction can also develop faster in cigarette smokers and the result of gum treatment is often less good compared to non-smokers. The degradation of the gums, in turn, causes the mobility of the teeth and, therefore, the loss of the teeth.
2. Dental Stains Along with the Yellowing of the Dentition
Cigarette smoking leaves brown or black spots on the surface of the teeth. Smokers’ teeth also turn yellow as time goes by. The number of stains and tooth discoloration will vary consistent with the amount smoked. False teeth, lids, and fillings can also discolor. This will be mainly true if smoking is combined with poor oral hygiene.
3. Oral Cancer
Smoking presents a range of dangerous chemicals in the mouth. This type of chemical compounds could, eventually, contribute to the cancerous vary in the oral tissues. Medical studies show that people who smoke will have a six times greater risk of developing mouth cancer compared to those who never smoked. Alcohol abuse along with tobacco use will further increase the likelihood of mouth cancer.
4. Bad Breath
Cigarette smoking causes halitosis or bad breath. In people who smoke, halitosis occurs mainly as a result of the retention and inhalation of fumes.
5. Wearing Down of Teeth
Keeping a pipe or cigar in the same position while smoking can damage your teeth. This can cause sensitivity, in addition to an ugly appearance of damaged teeth. Click here.
6. Brown Furry Tongue
Cigarette smoking prevents ordinary detachment of cells from the surface of the tongue. So, one kind of these cells becomes longer, which leads to an appearance like the hair on the surface of the tongue. Therefore, a term of “hairy tongue” is applied to this ugly condition.
7. Late Recovery of the Wound
Tobacco use can harmfully affect the recovery of any wound inside the oral cavity. You should not smoke cigarettes after having oral surgery, such as dental extraction. You are much more at risk for a disagreeable side effect called a dry socket if you smoke soon after extraction. Linked to this slow recovery of the wound, tobacco will have an effect on the survival rates of dental implants as well. Dental implants in a smoker’s mouth do not attach to the jaw bone, as they do in a non-smoker. Also, any implant is more at risk of not lasting because of the disease of the bones and gums surrounding the dental implant.
A quick look at the smokers’ teeth and the detrimental effects on oral health are evident. But not only has the use of tobacco changed the external appearance of the smile. Through advanced periodontal disease, smoking can lead to significantly more serious consequences for the teeth. Even more serious still, tobacco consumption will definitely increase the risks of developing mouth cancer.